History: The village of this name was destroyed
by the March 27, 1964, earthquake; the residents were moved to Kodiak Island and
were set up in a new village named Port Lions. The name derives from Afognak
Island; reported in the 11th Census of 1890 (1893, p. 73-74) as "Afognak Village
(Adognak)" consisting of a series of settlements extending in a row of
dwellings, somewhat widely scattered, about three-fourths of a mile along the
long, curving beach. In the first quarter of the nineteenth century, the name
Rutkovsky village was applied by pensioned employees of the Russian American
Company. Description: At the S end of Afognak Island 2.5 mi SE of Litnik
Mountain, Kodiak Islands.
Description: The second largest island in the Kodiak Archipelago, Afognak
Island, with its forested landscape and protected coastal waters, is abundant in
wildlife and a popular destination for fishing, wildlife viewing or quiet
retreats. While located 25 miles north of the city of Kodiak in the Gulf of
Alaska, the island is a mere one mile from Kodiak Island at the narrowest point.
Its rugged topography spreads out over area of 698 miles, dense with old-growth
Sitka spruce forests and excellent salmon streams.
For the most part,
Afognak Island is pure Alaskan wilderness —home to Kodiak brown bear, Sitka
black-tailed deer and Roosevelt elk while orcas, gray whales, humpbacks,
finbacks and minke populate its waters. Offshore, sea lions, seals and sea
otters are common sights in the waters around Afognak while river otter, beaver,
fox, marten and ermine make their home in the coastal habitats as well.
Land ownership on Afognak Island is divided mainly between the Kodiak National
Wildlife Refuge, Alaska State Parks and various Alaska Native corporations.
Afognak Island State Park includes much of the east and north sides of the
island, totaling over 75,000 acres.
Originally a traditional Alutiiq
village made up of a series of settlements along the beach, the community of
Afognak was nearly destroyed by the Good Friday earthquake of 1964. A new
community, now known as Port Lions, was constructed on the northeast coast of
Kodiak Island, and the residents of Afognak relocated permanently by the end of
Seasonal residents arrive during the summer for subsistence
fishing and hunting or for logging. But for anglers, the main attraction is
surely fishing with the numerous streams and lakes swimming with red, pink and
silver salmon along with rainbow, steelhead and Dolly Varden. Offshore saltwater
fishing is also very good for halibut, lingcod, sea bass, flounder, greenling
and red snapper. Visitors can also enjoy wilderness hiking, beachcombing, and
birding or rent one of four public cabins in either Kodiak National Wildlife
Refuge or Afognak Island State Park as the ultimate escape into this pristine
environment. There are also small logging camps and fishing lodges for those
looking for a more remote experience.
History: Native name reported by Petroff in 1880 (10th Census, p. 30). This
village may be the same as Oohaiack reported by Lisianski (1814, p. 169). The
U.S. Post Office Department established the Alitak post office here in 1933 but
discontinued it in 1945 (Ricks, 1965, p. 3). Description: on Akhiok Bay, W of
Alitak Bay, at S end of Kodiak I.
Tourist Description: Tucked away in
Alitak Bay and often overlooked, Akhiok is the most remote village on Kodiak
Island. The Alutiiq community of 51 residents anchors the south end of the
island, 98 miles southwest of the city of Kodiak. For adventurous travelers
seeking off-the-beaten-path experiences, Akhiok serves as a gateway to some of
the most isolated areas of the Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge.
Originally called Kashukugniut and located at Humpy Cove, Akhiok was established
as a sea otter hunting settlement by the Russians in the early 19th century and
then moved to its present site in 1881. Notable community sites include the
Russian Orthodox Church and the Protection of the Theotokos Chapel, which today
is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Commercial fishing and
limited tourism are the basis of the village’s economy but Akhiok, like many
small Native villages throughout Southwest Alaska, is a strong Orthodox
faith-based community, which maintains a strong subsistence lifestyle to this
The south end of Kodiak Island offers world-class sportfishing in
protected coves, bays and inlets off shore, rivers that host excellent sockeye
and pink salmon runs and many inland lakes. The area is also rich in sea mammals
and birds while the original village site on the Aliulik Peninsula has a high
brown bear density and ancient Alutiiq petroglyphs are preserved near the
published by Captain Tebenkov (1852, map 23), Imperial Russian Navy (IRN), as
Seleniye Chiniak (Aleksashkina) or Chiniak Settlement (Aleksashkina). Lieutenant
Sarichev (1826, map 16), Imperial Russian Navy (IRN), published the name
Aleutskoye Aleksashkino Zhilo or the Aleut dwellings of Aleksashkino, but
applied this name 2 miles to the southeast, at Lake Una. This is probably the
village referred to by Ameigh and Chaffin (1962, p. 53) who said, the 157
natives living on Woody Island in a little village of approximately fifteen log
cabins, made their living during the summer months as sea otter hunters***. See
Woody Island. Description: at Icehouse point, on W coast of Woody I., 2 mi. E of
Kodiak, Kodiak I
No info available.
Located on USGS Afognak A-3 map.
History: Published in 1943 by U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (USC&GS). In 1849
the Russian American Company called this Aleutskoye Seleniye Kattagmyut or The
Aleut village of Kattag (the ending myut is Eskimo for people). The same year,
on Chart 1425, the Russian Hydrographic Dept. published the name Afognakskaya
Odinochka meaning a separate part of Afognak. See Afognak. Description: 0.6 mi.
N of Afognak, on S coast of Afognak I., Kodiak I.
Chiniak is an Alutiiq (Russian-Aleut) name first reported in 1888 by Lt.
Comdr. Tanner with the US Navy of the steamer Albatross. It was named "Cape
Greville" in 1778 by Capt. Cook. During the mid-1950s, an Air Force White Alice
Radar Tracking Station was constructed in Chiniak. Prior to World War II, there
were only trails from the Olds River to Chiniak. In 1942, the U. S. Army Corps
of Engineers surveyed the present road and were the architects of the rather
complex military installations scattered throughout Chiniak. Actual construction
of the entire complex was done by civilians working round-the-clock. According
to Hank Eaton, who was in the Quarter Master Corps and responsible for the daily
ration reports, there were between 7,500 and 8,000 Army Troops stationed at the
In the early 1950's, the Alaska Road Commission and the
Bureau of Public Roads maintained a small camp just south of Frank Creek to help
work the roads leading to Chiniak and Pasagshak. Towards the late 1960's, Smokey
Stover was the foreman of the road camp and the crew included Jim Garoutte, Ray
Monigold and Leigh Niblock.
On March 27, 1964 an 8.6 (Richter Scale)
earthquake and tsunami hit Alaska and Kodiak. The N.E. end of Kodiak Island sank
5 1/2 feet. The Chiniak Road was virtually impassable. Naval families could not
get to their recreation quonsets so the Tracking Station personnel took
advantage of this and chartered sea planes to fly their families in and started
occupying the quonsets.
In 1965, the U.S. Navy ordered all families out
of the quonset area. Later that year, the village of Chiniak was born. The only
families living on the road system at that time were Omar Stratman at Mile 30,
Jake Blank and Clayton Parker at Mile 36; Dave Henley had workers living at his
sawmill at Mile 36.2 (the current Lucas residence); Gale & Hope Carrithers at
Mile 40; and Walt Dixon at Mile 42. The Carrither' s place was the first
patented property on the Chiniak Road.
In 1969, the Hudson's Electric
Company started serving the community. Dave Hudson owned and operated the
business. He was assisted by Steve Alvine, wbo did much of the maintenance work.
At it's peak, Hudson's Electric sold power to 55 customers. This service was
discontinued on July 1, 1974.
In May 1970, the Cross Country Race from
Miller Field to the Harbor Masters Building in Kodiak was added to tbe Kodiak
King Crab Festival's activities. This first race was won by Chad Ogden, a
high-school aged Chiniak resident. Chad died that summer and the race was
subsequently named the Chad Ogden Memorial Race. Also that summer, Spahn's Snack
Bar General Store and Gas Station opened for business at the Cliff House at Mile
In August 1971, Chiniak's first permanent Grade School was born. Two
double-wide trailers were installed across from where the current community
library stands at Mile 41 with an enrollment of 35 students. Ivan Gilliam and
Moonyeen Lindholm were among the first teachers. Since 1965, school had been
conducted at the Little Green Scbool House located at Little Navy. Fred Zharoff,
one of the first teachers, taught there for three years, followed by Sally
McCall and Ivan Gilliam.
In September 1971, John Morse of the Chiniak
Tracking Station started the first Boy Scout Troop in Chiniak with 9 local boys.
The Chiniak Home and School Association held its first meeting and Donna O'Neil
was elected the first Chairperson. The primary purpose of this association was
to raise money to improve the condition and uses of the school. The Chiniak Home
and School Association provided support for the school by supplying library
books and carpeting for the school floor.
Later that Fall, school bus
service was started. Jack Durham of Mile 35 was the first bus driver.
November of 1971, the Chiniak Advisory School Board was formed with Bob Snyder,
Mildred Walker and John Morse as members. The Chiniak Volunteer Fire Department
was also formed, with 37 volunteers. Total equipment included an old boat
trailer (to haul 30 lb. CO2 bottles), a siren mounted on a pole at Bob Spahn's.
CB radios and personal vehicles. Dutch Myers was elected Chief, Bill Kirk
Secretary/Treasurer, and Don Cable Training Officer.
In the summer of
1972, the Kalsin Bay Road Maintenance Station, operated by the State of Alaska,
opened as a permanent camp. Ernie Simmons was the first resident operator of the
camp. He was joined by Floyd Case in October. Up until this time, Emerald
Maintenance Company serving the Tracking Station had voluntarily. helped to
maintain the road from Mile 20.
In the Fall of 1972, Chiniak became a
voting precinct. This was due largely to the efforts of Sharon Ogden, who had
worked in Governor Egan's Office. The first voting Judges were Millie Walker,
Leatress Kirk. and Vickey Mackey.
In 1973. Hopper's Liquor Store opened
at Mile 42.
In March 1975, the U.S. Air Force announced that the Tracking
Station would be closed. Most of the families were gone by fall, although a few
stayed until the following summer, charged with the task of closing and
inventorying the station, Closure of the Tracking Station resulted in
approximately $5.5 million in annual savings to the Air Force. After the Air
Force announcement that the Tracking Station would be closed, the Department of
Defense declared the installation (buildings and property) excess to its needs.
Of the residents that remained in Chiniak some became self-employed in seasonal
construction and fishing industries and some obtained full-time jobs in the City
of Kodiak. This is very similar to the current employment patterns that exist in
In 1982, the Chiniak Comprehensive Planning Committee, including
the Pattersons, Stones, Penningtons, Lucases, Crowleys, and others, held its
first meeting at the home of John and Judy Lucas. Subsequently, more than twelve
planning meetings were held in order to develop the draft Chiniak Area Plan. It
was submitted to the Borougb Assembly on April 7, 1983. The Assembly sent it
back to the committee for further work and revision. No further action was
On New Year's Eve, December 31, 1982, the Road's End Bar opened at
the home of Ernie and Dotty Hopper, located at Mile 42.
On January 21,
1984, the dedication of the new Chiniak School facility took place.
1984, the Chiniak Public Library was established in the former school building.
In the spring of 1985, the Chiniak Volunteer Emergency Medical System (EMS) was
officially established. Teresa Stone and Deborah Walser are certified EMTs
serving the area from Middle Bay to Chiniak including Pasagshak. They work in
cooperation with the Kodiak Fire Department.
* Thanks to Chiniak
resident, Bill Kirk, for his efforts in largely preparing this section of the
Plan. Additional information was submitted by Vince Walser, other planning
committee members, and obtained from Source! (bibliography)
Dictionary of Alaska Place Names (1971)
History: Former Eskimo village reported in 1890 in the 11th
Census (1893, p. 76), which stated "The native village on Eagle Harbor was named
Orlova by the Russians, and erroneously renamed St. Orloff on our coast survey
maps. It (Eagle Harbor) is now popularly known only by the name of the bay. The
Kodiak Eskimo inhabiting this village number between 60 and 70." Petroff (1881,
p. 32) wrote, "The next inhabited point * * * is Orlovsk village, situated on *
* * Eagle Harbor. Here is a large settlement of 278 natives and creoles." This
village was called "S(eleniye) Orlovsk," or "Orlovsk Settlement," by Captain
Tebenkov (1852, map 23), Imperial Russian Navy (IRN), which was misinterpreted
as "St. Orlovsk" in 1868 by USC&GS. Description: on Eagle Harbor, on S shore of
Ugak Bay, E coast of Kodiak I.
Touristy Description: Kodiak's most popular state park is Fort Abercrombie State
Historical Park, a military fort, complete with a pair of 8-inch guns. The fort
was built during World War II in 1941 by the U.S. Army to protect Naval Air
Station Kodiak and the Ft. Greely Garrison from a Japanese invasion that never
came. The old fort sits majestically on the cliffs above scenic Monashka Bay and
can be explored through guided and self-guided Historical Walking Tours. Just as
interesting as the gun emplacements are the tidal pools found along the park's
rocky shorelines, where an afternoon of searching for sea creatures can be
spent. In early summer visitors can watch gray, humpback, and minke whales
migrate through Whale Passage. Fort Abercrombie also has 13 campsites designed
primarily for tent campers as trailers and motorhomes have difficulty
maneuvering on the narrow, rustic roads to the park.
History: Name reported by Captain Lisianski (1814, p. 169),
Imperial Russian Navy (IRN), as the settlement of Icolick.
Description: on S
shore of Gurney Bay, 23 mi. SW of Karluk, on W coast of Kodiak I.
History: Native name reported in 1880 as
"Kaguiak" by Petroff (10th U.S. Census, p. 31). This village may be "Aleutsk
Selen Kaniyagmyut," meaning "Aleut village of Kaniyagmyut;" reported by the
Russian American Company in 1849. In 1868 USC&GS recorded the name "Alsentia".
Description: at head of Kaguyak Bay, on SE coast of Kodiak I.
Eskimo village listed in the 11th Census in 1890 as
having a population of 26. Because of oil drilling activity in the 1930's, its
population increased t o 134 in 1940. When this activity ceased in the 1950's,
the village was all but abandoned. It had a post office from 1922 to 1943 and
from 1946 to 1954.
Description: at head of Portage Bay, on S coast of Alaska
Peninsula, 53 mi. E of Ugashik, Aleutian Range
History: Native name reported in 1805 by Captain Lisianski (1814, p. 186),
Imperial Russian Navy (IRN), as "Carlook" and as "Karloock" (map p. 169). The
Russian American Company in 1849 reported a village at or near this location
called "Kunakakhvak." The Karluk post office was established here in 1892
(Ricks, 1965, p. 31). Description: population 129, on E coast of Kodiak I.
Touristy Description: Karluk is an Alutiiq village with a fishing and
subsistence lifestyle, which is located in a dramatic setting overlooking the
mouth of the Karluk River and the Shelikof Strait and surrounded by the Kodiak
National Wildlife Refuge. A community of 38 and one of only two villages on the
west side of Kodiak Island, Karluk is an ideal entry point into the refuge where
anglers can easily access some of the best salmon fishing in Alaska.
Karluk River is believed to have supported the subsistence fishing of Alaska
Natives for more than 7,000 years, based on archaeological findings. The rich
runs of salmon led Russian traders to establish a trading post on the Karluk
Lagoon in 1786 and within a few years tanneries, salteries and canneries were
being built in the reputable fishing area.
Known for being the greatest
sockeye salmon stream in the world, the Karluk River also supports king salmon,
Dolly Varden, steelhead and rainbow trout fisheries as well. A few miles inland,
Karluk Lake also has spectacular fishing.
Most visitors pass through
Karluk on the way to fishing lodges or other adventures in adjacent Kodiak
National Wildlife Refuge. The refuge, which covers two-thirds of Kodiak Island,
is renowned for its fishing and wildlife viewing opportunities of the Kodiak
brown bear. Males normally weigh in at more than 800 pounds but have been known
to exceed 1,500 pounds. There are 2,300 of these giants on Kodiak Island, or
about three times the number of brown bears in the rest of the country.
Karluk is a photographer’s delight. The influence of the Russian traders can
still be seen at the Ascension of Our Lord Russian Orthodox Chapel, built in
1888, and designated as a national historic site. The church features an unusual
half-onion dome, typically seen in Russian architecture, and a spectacular
cliff-and-ocean backdrop. Also nearby the old town site is a rusting hodgepodge
of abandoned cannery buildings.
History: This once important Eskimo village was reported by von Krusenstern
(1827, map 17), Imperial Russian Navy (IRN), as "Katmay." The 10th Census in
1880 lists a population of 218; 11th Census in 1890 lists 132. Katmai was
abondoned following the 1912 eruption of Mount Katmai and the people were
resettled in Perryville, near Mitrofania Bay. Description: site of a village
near Katmai Bay, on S ocast of Alaska Peninsula, in Katmai National Monument 16
mi. S of Mount Katmai, Aleutian Range
History: Eskimo name reported as "Killuden" in 1805 by
Lisianski (1814, map facing p. 169). The name may be derived from the Aleut
"Kiliak" (morning) and "Uda" (bay). Description: site of Eskimo village, at head
of Boulder Bay, on SE coast of Kodiak I.; Kodiak I.
History: Local name derived from Kodiak Island and first published by the
U.S. Post Office Department when the Kodiak post office was established in 1869
(Ricks 1965, p. 35). The post office was discontinued in 1875 and reestablished
in 1888. The town was founded in 1792 by Alexander Baranov, Manager of the
Shelikov (later the Russian American) Company from 1792 to 1808. He named it
"Pavlovsk Gavan" or "Paul's Harbor." Baranov moved Shelikov's settlement at
Three Saints Harbor to this location because "the land surrounding it was higher
and drier * * * it was surrounded by the timber needed to build boats, buildings
and better fortifications * * *." (Ameigh and Chaffin, 1962, p. 45). The 11th
Census in 1880 (1893, p. 74) reported, "The most important permanent settlement
in the Second district is Kadiak, designated on our charts as St. Paul. The
place was selected as a central station and headquarters of the Russian
fur-trading companies in the year 1789 on account of its good harbor and close
Description: on NE coast of Kodiak Island.
Stretching across 3,670 square miles and more than 100 miles long, Kodiak is
Alaska's largest island and the second largest in the United States after the
Big Island of Hawaii.
The pulse of Kodiak can be found along its
waterfronts and in its boat harbors. The Alaska Marine Highway ferries pull in
downtown, right next to the Kodiak Island Visitor Center (800-789-4782). Nearby
is St. Paul Boat Harbor, the city’s largest. For the best view of vessels
visitors follow the Harbor Walkway, a boardwalk above the docks that is home of
the Kodiak Maritime Museum. More boats dock across the channel at St. Herman
Harbor on Near Island and an afternoon on the docks can lead to friendly
encounters with fishers and the chance to see catches unloaded or nets being
More than 100 miles of paved and gravel roads head from the
city into the wilderness that surround Kodiak. Some of the roads are rough jeep
tracks, manageable only by 4WD vehicles, but many can be driven to isolated
stretches of beach, great fishing spots and outstanding coastal scenery and
The island’s best-known park is the Kodiak National
Wildlife Refuge. The 2,812-square-mile refuge encompasses two-thirds of Kodiak
Island and includes a diverse habitat that ranges from rugged mountains and
alpine meadows to wetlands, spruce forest and grassland. The refuge has
outstanding fishing but the most popular activity is bear viewing. Everyone who
comes to Kodiak wants a glimpse of the famed Kodiak brown bear. The refuge is
home to 3,500 bears with males that normally weigh in at more than 800 pounds
but have been known to exceed 1,500 pounds and stand more than 10 feet tall. The
refuge is road less and bear viewing is either by a flightseeing tour or flying
into a wilderness lodge. In Kodiak just about every air charter company offers a
bear viewing flight that often includes water landing on a river or lake and
watching bears feed on salmon nearby.
Kodiak is a renowned fishing
destination who hooks almost as many anglers as fish with many returning year
after year. Whether you fish from the road system, fly out to a remote lake or
river, stay at one of many fishing lodges or opt for an ocean charter, Kodiak
provides it all. You can angle for all five species of salmon, halibut,
rockfish, cod and trout.
Only four miles from downtown lies Fort
Abercrombie State Historical Park. The fort was built during World War II, and
along with a campground features the Kodiak Military History Museum, located
inside the Ready Ammo bunker. The historic ruins of the World War II coastal
defense installation couples with the steep surf-pounded cliffs, deep spruce
forests, wildflower-laden meadows and a lake containing trout offer the public a
unique opportunity to learn of the events of World War II while enjoying the
natural beauty of the park.
Once a struggling fishing port, World War II
turned the island of Kodiak into a major staging area for the North Pacific
operations. At one point Kodiak's population topped 25,000, with Ft. Abercrombie
built as a defense post to protect the naval base constructed in 1939. Today the
old naval base is the site of the country’s largest Coast Guard base. Kodiak’s
famed cloudy weather spared it from a Japanese attack during the war but the
city wasn’t so lucky during the Good Friday Earthquake of 1964, which leveled
its downtown area and wiped out its fishing fleet. But Kodiak rebounded and
today is among the top three fishing ports in the country and home to 650 boats,
including the state's largest trawl, longline and crab vessels, and 12
Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge
Touristy Description: The 1.9 million acre Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge,
which covers the southern two-thirds of Kodiak Island, all of Ban and Uganik
Islands and a small section of Afognak Island, is the chief stronghold of the
Alaska brown bear. Established in 1941, Kodiak's scenery is magnificent and its
diverse habitat ranges from rugged mountains and alpine meadows to wetlands,
spruce forest and grassland. No place on the refuge is more than 15 miles from
the Pacific Ocean where mountains rise 4,000 feet from a shoreline accented with
The Kodiak bear, a subspecies of the brown bear, is
the largest land carnivore in the world. Males normally weigh in at more than
800lb but have been known to exceed 1500lb. Females usually weigh in at 400lb to
600lb. An estimated 2300 bears reside in the refuge for one of the world's
highest densities. From mid-July to mid-September the bears congregate at
streams to gorge themselves on spawning salmon. The runs are so heavy that the
bears often become selective, and many feast only on females and then eat only
the belly portion containing the eggs.
The birdlife is also prolific in
the refuge. More than 250 species of birds live upon or visit the refuge, while
more than 1.5 million seabirds winter in near-shore waters surrounding Kodiak
Island. Nesting within the refuge are 600 breeding pairs of eagles. Flowing out
of the steep fjords and deep glacial valleys and into the sea are 117
salmon-bearing streams that support all five species of Pacific salmon and
account for 65 percent of the total commercial salmon harvest in Kodiak.
The refuge is renowned for bear viewing and hunting for trophy brown bears while
the Karluk River and the Ayakulik River offer world-class fishing opportunities
for salmon and steelhead fishing. Other recreational opportunities include
kayaking, rafting and camping.
The climate of Kodiak Island is dominated
by a strong marine influence and characterized by moderately heavy
precipitation, cool temperatures and cloudy days. This makes hypothermia a
concern no matter when you are visiting.
Within the city
of Kodiak is the Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge Visitor Center with an exhibit
room that focuses primarily on the Kodiak brown bear along with a video room, a
bookstore and a friendly staff that can assist in setting up trips into
preserve. Scattered within the refuge are nine public-use cabins, none
accessible by road. Most are reached by float plane with the closest ones to the
city of Kodiak being Uganik Lake Cabin and Veikoda Bay Cabin. Also located
within and around the refuge are several fishing lodges and bear-viewing camps.
The vast majority of visitors view the brown bears with bear-viewing flights
that are offered by most charter air operators in Kodiak. The average tour is a
four-hour trip that includes two hours on the ground photographing bears at a
place like Frazer Lake, home of huge sockeye salmon runs where visitors often
end up watching a half dozen bears feed at once.
There are no entry
fees for Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge but there is a nightly fee for renting
the public-use cabins. The cabins are reserved through a series of lotteries
throughout the year. If all dates are not booked in the lottery, the open dates
are booked by phone on a first-come, first-served basis. Contact the refuge
visitors center for more information. A free refuge permit is also required by
anglers accessing the Karluk River via Koniag Easement Land. Accessibility: No
roads enter the refuge, and no maintained trails lie within it. Access into the
park is by charter plane or boat out of the city of Kodiak, and most of the
refuge lies at least 25 air miles away. Kodiak Island is accessible by
commercial airlines from Anchorage or ferry through the Alaska Marine Highway
Alaska Regional Map Services: Parks & Public Lands: Kodiak
National Wildlife Refuge
village called "Toujajak Village" by von Langsdorf (1814, v. 2, p. 235), and
"Kukak," by Ivan Petroff in the 1880 U.S. census. Its population in 1880 was 37.
There is a historical locality of the same name four miles to the NE.
Description: on S shore of Kukak Bay, on S coast of Alaska Peninsula, in Katmai
National Monument, 29 mi. NE of Mount Katmai, Aleutian Range
History: Name derived from Larsen Bay and reported in
1890 to be a native settlement "containing less than 20 people" in the 11th
Census in 1890 (1893, p. 79). The native name was "Uyak." Description:
population 72, near mouth of Larsen Bay, on W shore of Uyak Bay, on NW coast of
Touristy Description: Perched deep inside Uyak Bay, a narrow
fjord 60 miles southwest of the city of Kodiak, Larsen Bay is home to a mere 79
residents and a handful of renowned fishing lodges. With a scenic location near
some of the best fishing grounds in the Kodiak Archipelago, it is no wonder that
Larsen Bay is the center of commercial and sport fishing activity that lures
anglers from around the world.
Larsen Bay is surrounded by the Kodiak
National Wildlife Refuge, the 2,812-square-mile preserve that covers two-thirds
of Kodiak Island. The refuge's diverse habitat ranges from rugged mountains and
alpine meadows to wetlands, spruce forest and grassland, home to the refuge’s
most noted resident, the Kodiak brown bear. Bear viewing is a popular activity
in Larsen Bay, as is birding. With more than 200 species recorded, and 600
breeding pairs of eagles that nest within the refuge, there are opportunities to
view birds as well as marine wildlife ranging from seals, sea lions and
porpoises to sea otters, migrating whales and the ever-popular puffin. No roads
enter the refuge, and no maintained trails lie within it, so the best way to
view wildlife within the refuge is by chartered boat or plane. Fishing is the
main interest of most visitors to Larsen Bay. Lodges maintain a charter fleet
that provides saltwater fishing opportunities within the several protected bays
and inlets near the village or on the open ocean waters for salmon, halibut,
lingcod and rockfish. Rafts or even floatplanes are utilized for stream fishing
of salmon, steelhead and Dolly Varden. Among the nearby stream fisheries is the
Karluk River, world famous for its sockeye salmon runs as well as king salmon.
Named for Peter Larsen, an Unga Island furrier, hunter and guide, the
community is called Uyak by the Aleut people who have resided here for 2,000
years. The village drew national attention in 1991 when the Smithsonian
Institution returned the remains of 756 Alutiiq Natives. Interred in a mass
grave, the burial marked the largest repatriation of Native remains ever
conducted by the Smithsonian. Like many Kodiak communities, the Russian
influence of fur traders in the late 1700s and early 1800s can also be seen
throughout Larsen Bay in Russian Orthodox Churches and elsewhere.
History: The McCord post office was
established in 1929 and moved to Old Harbor in 1931. Description: site of
village, on E shore of McCord Bay, at head of Port Hobron, on N coast of
Sitkalidak I., SE of Kodiak I.
History: Former Eskimo village name meaning land people, published as
Nunochogamute, population 160, in the 10th Census (1884, p. 11). Early Russian
sources included this village in thier descriptions of the settlement 1.5 miles
to the southeast established by Shelikov in 1784. See Three Saints Harbor,
locality. Description: on W shore of Three Saints Bay, on SE coast of Kodiak I.
History: Name reported in the 11th Census
in 1890 (1893, p. 77) as "Old Harbor, named Staruigavan by the Russians and
Nunamiut by the natives * * *. This settlement, containing now less than 100
people, was once an important station of the Russian Fur Company * * *." The old
Harbor post office was established in 1931 (Ricks, 1965, p. 48). See Three
Saints Harbor, locality. Description: population 193, on W shore of Sitakalidak
Strait, 56 mi. SW of Kodiak, Kodiak I.
Tourist Description: Seventy miles
southwest of the city of Kodiak, tucked away in the sheltered waters of
Sitkalidak Strait, is Old Harbor, a lively little port for commercial and sport
fishing activity. Home to both fishing lodges and charter boat operators who
target king salmon in May and silver salmon in September and often produce the
winning fish in local salmon derbies, charter captains often offer custom
hunting, kayaking and wildlife adventures as the area is an excellent
destination for viewing large sea mammal haul-outs and the archipelago's largest
puffin colony, located on nearby Flat Island.
One of the most picturesque
villages on Kodiak Island, the community of 193 residents is nestled on a narrow
beach at the foot of a lush, green mountain while more dramatic peaks tower
overhead to the northeast. Standing tall in the center of Old Harbor is Three
Saints Russian Orthodox Church, the link to its rich past and the hub of
community activity today. Three Saints Bay became the first Russian colony in
Alaska but within four years a tsunami destroyed the settlement. Two more
earthquakes struck before 1792 and the following year Alexander Baranov moved
the trading post northeast to St. Paul Harbor, now known as Kodiak. A settlement
was reestablished at Three Saints Harbor in 1884 and the Old Harbor post office
was opened in 1931. The community endured more hardship when the Good Friday
earthquake destroyed the community in 1964 with only two homes and the church
surviving the resulting tsunami. The community has long since rebuilt on the
The Alutiiq people had already lived in the area for more
than 7,000 years when the Russians first landed on Kodiak Island in 1763. The
abundance of sea otters attracted the attention of Siberian fur trader Grigorii
Shelikhov who returned in 1784, sailing into nearby Three Saints Bay with 192
men and a cache of muskets and cannons. Shelikov’s attempts to ‘subdue’ the
indigenous people resulted in a bloodbath in which more than 500 Alutiiq were
massacred and an equal number drowned in an effort to escape.
History: Name was recorded in 1805 by
Lisianski (1814, map facing p. 169). Description: site of village on E end of
Sitkalidak I., SE of Kodiak I.
Transliteration by Baker (1906, p. 657), of "Uzenkiy," from "uzkiy," meaning
"very narrow," derived from the Russian name given to Narrow Strait, upon which
the village is located. The name was reported as "Oozinkie, where there are 15
creoles." Peteroff (1881, p. 29) published the name "Selen(iye) Rus(kiy) i
Kreolovy," meaning "village of Russians and croles." The name meaning "starling
village" was published by Captain Tebenkov, Imperial Russian Navy (IRN) (1852,
map 23). Description: On the W side of Spruce Island and on the N side of Narrow
Strait, 10 mi NNW of Kodiak, Kodiak Island.
Ouzinkie is located on the southwest shore of Spruce Island, 10 miles north of
the city of Kodiak and is characterized by swampy areas, volcanic and
sedimentary rock and an abundance of tall spruce trees. One of the oldest
settlements of the archipelago, the village is separated from Kodiak Island by a
strait named Uskiy, meaning ‘very narrow’ in Russian.
American Company founded Ouzinkie as a retirement community in the early 1800s.
In the late 1800s, several canneries sprang up, reliant on the rich fishing
grounds in the area. A series of disasters over the years including fire and a
tsunami destroyed the canneries and were never replaced.
Orthodox Church of the Nativity, built in 1898, is tucked in a cove of spruce
trees. The unique and picturesque Russian Orthodox architecture make it a
favorite among photographers. Ouzinkie was home to St. Herman, the first
canonized Russian Orthodox saint in North America. St. Herman's chapel is
located at Monks Lagoon and can be explored with the local Russian Orthodox
Church reader who explains the history of the holy sites and old gravestones.
Every year in early August there is an annual pilgrimage to St. Herman’s home
site on Spruce Island.
Salmon and halibut fishing, beautiful scenery,
wildlife, Native culture, Russian history and the view from the top of Mount St.
Herman make Ouzinkie a perfect experience for the adventurous traveler.
History: The Russian American
Company published the name "Sel(eniye) Pestryakova" meaning "Eider duck
Settlement," for this locality in 1849. Description: site of village on SE coast
of Spruce I., 7 mi. N of Kodiak, Kodiak Island
Located on USGS Kodiak A-4 map. No information available.
History: The village was built in 1964 by the Lions
International for the persons of Afognak, displaced by the March 27, 1964,
earthquake that destoyed most of their village. Description: On the W side of
Settler Cove near mouth of Kizhuyak Bay, at the N end of Kodiak Island, 18 mi.
NW of Kodiak.
Touristy Description: Like many of the small island
villages in the Kodiak Archipelago, Port Lions has excellent recreation
opportunities for wildlife viewing, birding, fishing and more. The community of
200 residents is located in Settlers Cove at the north end of Kodiak Island and
also happens to be a port-of-call for the Alaska Marine Highway, allowing for
easy access to the island.
Port Lions was created after the tsunami from
the Good Friday Earthquake destroyed the village of Afognak on Afognak Island to
the north. Lions Club International assisted greatly in building the new
community and relocating Afognak residents who eventually named their village in
honor of the service group.
Within town, a causeway provides foot and
bike access across Settler’s Cove while charter boat services offer access into
the nearby coves and bays for wildlife viewing. Throughout the summer, the
waters around Port Lions are an excellent place to spot whales, including
humpbacks, fin and orcas as well as sea otters, sea lions and seals. At the
right time of year, birders can easily spot hundreds of puffins, eagles and
kittiwakes in the area.
Most visitors arrive at Port Lions to cast a line
into the bountiful waters that surround it. The sheltered bays between Kodiak,
Afognak, and Raspberry islands are home to some of the richest fisheries in
Alaska. In May and June, trophy kings can be caught in the bays and in August,
silvers begin to appear. Halibut, some topping 300 pounds, can be hooked almost
anytime from May through September while fishing excursions in July often result
in a mixed bag of kings, silvers and halibut. Nearby streams and rivers are also
very productive with sockeye salmon in June, pink salmon and Dolly Varden in
July and silver salmon in August.
History: Local name published in 1943 by USC&GS. Description: on E shore of
Northeast Arm Uganik Bay, N coast of Kodiak I.
History: a reduction and saltery plant by this name was reported in 1952 by
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).
History: Local name published by USC&GS in 1926. Description: on S coast of
Shuyak I., 40 mi. N of Kodiak I.
Eskimo village reported in 1805 as "Ooiatsk" by Captain Lisianski (1814, map
facing p. 169). Listed in the 10th Census as "Ooiak," population 76, by Petroff
(1884, p. 29); and in the 11th Census as "Uyak," population less than 20 (1893,
p. 79). A post office, established in 1900, was discontinued in 1937 (Ricks,
1965, p. 68). Description: village, on W shore of Uyak Bay S of Harvester I., on
NW coast of Kodiak I.
inhabited by homesteaders, the property in this area was transferred to the
state and then to the Kodiak Island Borough. The community was named for the bay
it overlooks. Due to its close proximity to Kodiak Station, many residents are
Coast Guard families. A community association advocates for local concerns.
According to Census 2010, there were 719 residents.
Womens Bay is on the
west coast of Kodiak Island, 8 miles south of Kodiak. It lies at the foot of Old
Womens Mountain, along a bay of the same name. The community lies at
approximately 57.693600° North Latitude and -152.622910° West Longitude. (Sec.
04, T028S, R019W, Seward Meridian.) Womens Bay is located in the Kodiak
Recording District. The climate of the Kodiak Islands is dominated by a strong
marine influence. There is little or no freezing weather, moderate
precipitation, and frequent cloud cover and fog. Severe storms are common from
December through February. Annual precipitation averages 60 inches. January
temperatures average 14 to 46 °F; July temperatures vary from 39 to 76 °F.